Sharansky: from Soviet Dissident to Pres. Bush´s Muse (REUTERS) By Megan Goldin JERUSALEM, ISRAEL 02/01/05 09:50 AM ET)
Reuters News Service
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JERUSALEM (Reuters) - It´s been a long and lonely road for former
Soviet dissident Natan (Anatoly) Sharansky who has for years been
ridiculed for his political theories of spreading democracy across
the globe to obtain world peace.
But the former Soviet "refusenik," who is now a cabinet minister in
the Israeli government, no longer walks alone. His companion in his
campaign to democratize the world is no less than President Bush.
To have the ear of the most powerful leader in the world after
decades of having his political ideology dismissed as naive and
eccentric is a pleasant change for the diminutive Ukrainian-born
"I am sorry that there are so few people who believe in these ideas
but it´s nice to think that one of these very few people is the
president of the United States," said 57-year-old Sharansky in an
interview at his office in Jerusalem.
Not only did Bush read Sharansky´s new book "The Case for Democracy"
with avid interest days after it was published, but he gave a copy
to his top adviser Condoleezza Rice and said he personally bought a
copy for British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
"This is a book that ... summarizes how I feel. I would urge people
to read it," Bush told CNN.
Bush was so taken with the book that he summoned Sharansky to the
White House in November. The president spent an hour in the Oval
Office discussing Sharansky´s ideology based on his years as a
dissident and prisoner in the Soviet Union.
"I told him (Bush): ´You are the real dissident. Politicians look at
polls -- what is popular, what is not popular. A dissident believes
in an idea and goes ahead with it ... even when there are so many
people who disagree,"´ Sharansky said.
Palestinians and Israeli peace activists see him as betraying the
values of freedom and human rights he says he holds dear because he
has not fought Israeli occupation and has helped prop up a
succession of right-wing Israeli governments.
Even Prime Minister Ariel Sharon told him: "They are good ideas but
they don´t belong to this part of the world.."
BUSH: SHARANSKY´S GREATEST FAN
So it was with a feeling of vindication that Sharansky heard Bush´s
inauguration address on Jan. 20 in which he called for "expansion of
freedom" around the world and an end to tyranny, phrases which could
have been taken from the pages of his book.
"I was very excited not only because the words were so familiar and
the ideas were so important. (But) the ideas were expressed with
such confidence ... not by an academic but by the leader of the free
world who was going to implement them."
Sharansky´s theories on "liberty" and "freedom" germinated while
working as an aide to leading Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov in
the 1970s and during his eight years in a Siberian jail after the
Soviet authorities convicted him as a spy and traitor.
He became a symbol for the movement to free Soviet Jews and under
enormous international pressure, particularly from the United
States, was released in 1986 as part of a prisoner swap with Moscow.
He immediately immigrated to Israel.
There a painfully thin Sharansky, despite being force fed at a
Soviet hospital before his release, was greeted as a national hero.
He later formed a party for Russian immigrants which joined the
right-wing government of Benjamin Netanyahu in 1996.
He resents being pigeonholed as a "right-winger" despite opposing
the 1993 Oslo peace accords with the Palestinians. He says his
political views are conceptually different from anything on the
Israeli political spectrum today.
"Today I am called a right-wing extremist. Tomorrow I will be called
a left-wing extremist," he said. "I am a refusenik."
He says he would give the Palestinians "all the rights in the world"
once they instituted full democracy which he believes would ensure
the existence of a Palestinian state at peace with Israel.
The gist of Sharansky´s view is that the "free world" should
encourage countries to democratize by linking international standing
and aid to their record on human rights and freedom of speech.
It was such linkage through the 1975 Helsinki Agreements that led to
the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, he said.
STILL A "REFUSENIK"
Sharansky said he firmly believes the world would be more stable and
extremism would fizzle out if all peoples, including those in the
Middle East, enjoyed freedom and democracy.
As with Bush´s speech, Arab academics are somewhat skeptical about
"I can´t swallow that he was a champion of human rights in the
Soviet Union and when he came over here he forgot his past and was
part of the scheme of occupying another people," Palestinian
political analyst Ali al-Jarbawi told Reuters.
Sharansky says he has been misrepresented as a hard-liner when he is
simply committed to his belief that there will never be peace
without democracy in the Arab world and elsewhere.
Sharansky does not spare criticism for the United States, saying it
tried to appease countries such as Saddam Hussein´s Iraq and Saudi
Arabia. Washington, he said, should have linked relations and aid
with improved human rights and democracy.
His advice to Bush is to ignore skeptics and stick to your
ideals. "Dissidents are always alone ... You can only hope the logic
of history is on your side. That is what happened in the Soviet
Union and that is what I hope will happen in the Middle East." (©
Reuters 2005 02/01/05)
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