Palestinian Authority Issues Weapons Ban (AP) By MOHAMMED DARAGHMEH RAMALLAH 01/27/05 2:01 PM)
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RAMALLAH, West Bank - The Palestinian leadership banned civilians
from carrying weapons and indicated on Thursday it would appoint a
new interior minister known for his hardline stance against
militants, the latest in a series of steps to stop violence that have
brought rare praise from Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
The ban on weapons signalled the Palestinian Authority´s aim to take
control of the streets from militants, who often overtly brandish
their automatic rifles and other arms and who have surpassed the
authority´s power in some neighborhoods and refugee camps.
While the Palestinians were seeking a joint cease-fire declaration
with Israel, the Palestinian security forces prepared for their next
step to impose order: deploying into the volatile southern Gaza Strip
to prevent rocket attacks into Israel. A similar deployment in
northern Gaza last week has been effective in stopping militants from
firing rockets at Israelis.
Adding to a new wave of optimism for peace after four years of
fighting, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas won rare praise from
Sharon and visiting U.S. envoy William Burns for his efforts to halt
violence. The two sides are trying to arrange a Sharon-Abbas summit
in the next two weeks.
"I believe that the conditions are now ripe to allow us and the
Palestinians to reach a historic breakthrough in the relations
between us," Sharon said in a Tel Aviv speech Thursday evening.
"If the Palestinians act in a comprehensive fashion to fight terror,
violence and incitement," Sharon said, "we can move forward to the
process of implementing the ´road map,´ and then we can coordinate
various activities with them regarding the disengagement plan."
In an interview published Thursday in the newspaper Yediot Ahronot,
Sharon said he was "very satisfied with what I am hearing is
happening on the Palestinian side and I am very interested in
advancing processes with" Abbas.
In a test for Abbas´ ruling Fatah movement, the first municipal
elections in Gaza´s history were held Thursday in 10 districts in the
coastal strip. The militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad were
expected to pose a stiff challenge to Fatah.
Abbas has won assurances from armed groups that they will halt
attacks if Israel stops military operations, including arrest raids
and targeted killings of Palestinian fugitives.
In meetings Wednesday, Palestinian negotiators proposed both sides
issue formal cease-fire declaration. Israeli officials have said in
the past they are not interested in such a formal declaration, but
Palestinian Cabinet minister Saeb Erekat said the Israelis promised
to consider it.
"We are very interested in the issue of the cease-fire, and the issue
of a declaration of a cease-fire, and we´ve informed the Israelis of
this, and the Israelis have to respond quickly and not wait for
another two or three weeks," Abbas said Thursday.
Sharon spokesman Asaf Shariv did not rule out the idea.
"I don´t know if a cease-fire is the right wording," he said. "If
there is quiet on the Palestinian side, Israel will respond with
Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia issued the ban on civilians
carrying weapons, Erekat told The Associated Press. The move marks a
significant departure from the policy of longtime Palestinian leader
Yasser Arafat, who died on Nov. 11.
It was unclear whether the new Palestinian leadership would be
successful in disarming civilians. Israel has long demanded militant
factions be disarmed.
Abbas and Qureia have also decided to name Nasser Yousef as the new
Palestinian interior minister, a post in charge of security forces, a
senior Palestinian official said. Yousef was in charge of cracking
down on militants in the 1990s, and his appointment would send a
clear signal that the leadership intends to act against violent
In central and southern Gaza, Palestinian police had been expected to
take up positions on Thursday but the deployment was delayed until
Friday because of technical difficulties.
Training for the deployment, three police jeeps carrying armed police
officers in full uniform drove down the main street of the southern
town of Khan Younis on Thursday. In a practice run, officers set up a
checkpoint on the main road, while a commander instructed them on how
to conduct security checks.
Mohammed Dahlan, a senior Abbas adviser, said in an interview with
The Associated Press that during Wednesday´s meetings, Israel agreed
in principle to stop pursuing militants and halt targeted killings.
Israel also promised to release hundreds of prisoners - a key
Palestinian demand - a senior Palestinian official said.
Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Mark Regev said no final agreement
had been reached on releasing prisoners and other "confidence
building" measures. But such moves would become "appropriate" as each
side prepares for the summit, he added.
Underscoring the fragility of new peace moves, Israeli troops shot
dead a Palestinian man who entered a "no-go" zone in Gaza,
Palestinian medical services and the military said.
In the West Bank, Palestinians threw a firebomb at a car outside
Bethlehem, police said. No one was hurt.
Meanwhile in Gaza, Palestinians in 10 districts were choosing among
414 candidates for 118 municipal council seats. The vote follows a
Dec. 23 election in 26 West Bank municipalities, and a Jan. 9
presidential race in which Abbas was chosen to succeed Arafat.
Hamas made a strong showing in the West Bank race and was expected to
do well in Gaza. Hamas has recently shifted its focus toward politics
and agreed to halt attacks, at least temporarily. (Copyright 2005
Associated Press. 01/27/05)
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