Sharon sees chance for "historic breakthrough" (REUTERS) By Allyn Fisher-Ilan JERUSALEM, ISRAEL Additional reporting by Wafa Amr, Diala Saadeh and Cynthia Johnston in Ramallah and Nidal al-Mughrabi in Gaza 01/27/05 05:22 PM ET)
Reuters News Service
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JERUSALEM (Reuters) - Israeli leader Ariel Sharon said on Thursday
conditions were right for a "historic breakthrough" on Middle East
peace after measures taken by new Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
to bring calm.
He said that if Palestinians worked to "fight terror", then Israel
could move forward with a U.S.-backed peace "road map" meant to lead
to a Palestinian state.
"I believe the conditions have been created to permit us and the
Palestinians to reach an historic breakthrough, a breakthrough that
will lead us to security and peace," Sharon told a business forum.
Palestinians said that in order to help Abbas who faces a strong
challenge from militants, the Israelis had agreed in principle to
pull back troops from West Bank cities reoccupied during a 4-year-old
uprising and to free hundreds of prisoners.
Abbas appeared to suffer a setback in the Gaza Strip where the
Islamic militant Hamas group made a strong showing in first-ever
municipal elections there, an exit poll showed.
But Palestinian security forces were to widen their control in Gaza
by deploying troops in the south of the coastal strip on Friday to
prevent militant attacks, Palestinian sources said.
Under orders from Abbas some 2,000 Palestinian troops took up
positions in northern Gaza last week for the first time in years
where they have curtailed rocket fire at Israel.
In a sign of a new U.S. push for Middle East peace, officials said
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice would visit the region early next
month on the first trip of her new job.
A reduction in violence could lead to renewed peace talks under the
U.S.-backed road map peace plan, launched in 2003 and stymied by
bloodshed and the failure of both sides to meet their promises.
Hopes of progress have been raised by a dip in violence since Abbas
was elected on Jan. 9 to succeed Yasser Arafat and began pursuing a
truce deal with militant groups.
ABBAS URGES ISRAEL TO ACT
Speaking after talks with U.S. envoy William Burns, Abbas urged
Israel to hold its fire and to agree quickly to a ceasefire with
militants who insist it must be mutual.
"The Israelis have to respond quickly. We cannot wait for a week or
two," Abbas said in the West Bank city of Ramallah.
Burns told reporters the United States was "very encouraged" by steps
Abbas has taken towards a "restoration of law and order" that would
serve as a basis for a ceasefire.
Israel says it will answer quiet with quiet and has shelved major
military operations, but refused to stop selective raids.
In Gaza, soldiers shot dead a mentally retarded Palestinian man they
apparently mistook for a militant when he ran toward troops near the
Jewish settlement of Netzarim, medics and Israeli sources said.
A senior Palestinian security figure and Abbas confidant, Mohammed
Dahlan, said that Israel had agreed "in principle" to withdraw troops
from some West Bank cities. Another Palestinian official said Israel
had agreed to free 500 of 7,000 security prisoners as a goodwill
A senior Israeli official confirmed there was a plan for an Israeli
pullback from West Bank cities but that the government would not
approve it until the Palestinians "come up with a proper plan to
The issue of the prisoners would be on the agenda at Abbas´s expected
summit with Sharon next month, the official said. A Palestinian
official said the meeting may take place on Feb. 8.
Any Israeli confidence-building steps could help bolster Abbas, who
still faces the challenge of the militant Islamic groups like Hamas
that are sworn to destroying Israel rather than reaching a deal for a
The Independent Palestinian Centre for Policy and Survey Research
said its exit polls of the first Palestinian elections in Gaza showed
that Hamas was likely to take three of the four biggest districts in
Thursdays vote, including one where Abbas´s Fatah movement had been
expected to triumph.
Thousands turned out to vote for candidates vying for 118 seats in 10
municipal councils. Voter turnout topped 80 percent, Palestinian
officials said after the polls had closed. (Additional reporting by
Wafa Amr, Diala Saadeh and Cynthia Johnston in Ramallah and Nidal al-
Mughrabi in Gaza) (© Reuters 2005 01/27/05)
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