CRITICAL: Conquering Jerusalem is the central strategic goal of the Islamic Supremacist Movement (ISM). Their desired goal is to re- establishing an Islamic Caliphate (Muslim Empire) ruled by Sharia law and is the central mission of Jihad. We must understand their reasons and why the ISM is calling for millions of martyrs to march on Jerusalem, in order to "liberate" it and make it the Capital of their (SCISS) Sharia Compliant Islamic Super State or Caliphate.
Allah has delivered Temple Mount and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher Judaism´s and Christendom´s holiest places in our hands is the last message we want to hear broadcast from every Mosque in the world. In order to show domination over the Judeo/Christian free world it is essential that the Muslims control these holiest places. If the Jihadist's conquer Jerusalem. Very high probability on that day World War III starts. If you think the Muslim Jihad (Holy War) is bad now just imagine the frenzy.
Understanding the strategic goal of those that are waging war against us is vital in understanding why the status of Jerusalem is critical and why it must remain United, exclusively under Israel’s sovereignty.
The refusal by the Nations of the free world to recognize Israel’s sovereign rights in her United Jerusalem is the greatest inspiration for the Islamic supremacist movement (ISM). The time to remove the inspiration is now, we must stop empowering and emboldening our mutual enemies, who continue to demonize and delegitimize Israel. Stop standing with anti-Semitic racists who deny the Jewish peoples right to remain in control of her holiest place and places.
UNDERSTAND: United Jerusalem prevents the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate. The ongoing war against militant Islam is as much a war about ideology as it is of arms. The greatest ideological weapon the free world has is recognizing Israel's historic, religious, political and legal rights to remain sovereign in a United Jerusalem. Jerusalem is the front lines of the free world.
UJFA's strategic goal is world recognition of Israeli sovereignty over the Jewish people's holiest place the Temple Mount, while continuing to maintain the freedom for all faiths to access Jerusalem’s holy places. Join UJFA
now and become an intellectual warrior.
Together lets develope the largest E-mail list in the world dedicated to intellectual warfare against those wagging war against the Judeo/Christian free world.
Shalom. Raphael Haar
President & Founder of The United Jerusalem Foundation
President & Founder of United Jerusalem Freedom Alliance
The office or jurisdiction of a caliph. The last caliphate was held
by Ottoman Turkish sultans until it was abolished by Kemal Atatürk in
A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfa) is an Islamic state led
by a supreme religious as well as political leader known as a caliph
(meaning literally a successor, i.e., a successor to Islamic prophet
Muhammad) and all the Prophets of Islam. The term caliphate is often
applied to successions of Muslim empires that have existed in the
Middle East and Southwest Asia.
Conceptually the caliphate represents the political unity of the
entire community of Muslim faithful (the ummah) ruled by a single
caliph. In theory, the organization of a caliphate should be a
constitutional theocracy (under the Constitution of Medina), which
means that the head of state, the Caliph, and other officials are
representatives of the people and of Islam and must govern according
to constitutional and religious law (Sharia). In its early days, the
first caliphate resembled elements of direct democracy (see shura)
and an elective monarchy.
It was initially led by Muhammad´s disciples as a continuation of the
leaders and religious system the prophet established, known as
the ´Rashidun caliphates´. A "caliphate" is also a state which
implements such a governmental system.
Sunni Islam stipulates that the head of state, the caliph, should be
elected by Shura – elected by Muslims or their representatives.
Followers of Shia Islam believe the caliph should be an imam chosen
by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (Muhammad´s purified progeny). From the
end of the Rashidun period until 1924, caliphates, sometimes two at a
single time, real and illusory, were ruled by dynasties. The first
dynasty was the Umayyad. This was followed by the Abbasid, the
Fatimid (not recognized by Muslims outside the Fatimid domain), and
finally the Ottoman Dynasty.
The caliphate was "the core leader concept of Sunni Islam, by the
consensus of the Muslim majority in the early centuries"
Caliphate, the political-religious state comprising the Muslim
community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the
centuries following the death (ad 632) of the Prophet Muḥammad. Ruled
by a caliph (Arabic khalīfah, “successor”), who held temporal and
sometimes a degree of spiritual authority, the empire of the
Caliphate grew rapidly through conquest during its first two
centuries to include most of Southwest Asia, North Africa, and Spain.
Dynastic struggles later brought about the Caliphate’s decline, and
it ceased to exist with the Mongol destruction of Baghdad in 1258.
The urgent need for a successor to Muḥammad as political leader of
the Muslim community was met by a group of Muslim elders in Medina
who designated Abū Bakr, the Prophet’s father-in-law, as caliph.
Several precedents were set in the selection of Abū Bakr, including
that of choosing as caliph a member of the Quraysh tribe. The first
four caliphs—Abū Bakr, Umar I, Uthmān, and Alī—whose reigns
constituted what later generations of Muslims would often remember as
a golden age of pure Islām, largely established the administrative
and judicial organization of the Muslim community and forwarded the
policy begun by Muḥammad of expanding the Islāmic religion into new
territories. During the 630s, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Iraq were
conquered; Egypt was taken from Byzantine control in 645; and
frequent raids were launched into North Africa, Armenia, and Persia.
The assassination of Uthmān and the ineffectual caliphate of Alī that
followed sparked the first sectarian split in the Muslim community.
By 661 Alī’s rival Muāwiyah I, a fellow member of Uthmān’s Umayyad
clan, had wrested away the Caliphate, and his rule established the
Umayyad caliphate that lasted until 750. Despite the largely
successful reign of Muāwiyah, tribal and sectarian disputes erupted
after his death. There were three caliphs between 680 and 685, and
only by nearly 20 years of military campaigning did the next one, Abd
al-Malik, succeed in reestablishing the authority of the Umayyad
capital of Damascus. Abd al-Malik is also remembered for building the
Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Under his son al-Walīd (705–715),
Muslim forces took permanent possession of North Africa, converted
the native Berbers to Islām, and overran most of the Iberian
Peninsula as the Visigothic kingdom there collapsed. Progress was
also made in the east with settlement in the Indus River valley.
Umayyad power had never been firmly seated, however, and the
Caliphate disintegrated rapidly after the long reign of Hishām (724–
743). A serious rebellion broke out against the Umayyads in 747, and
in 750 the last Umayyad caliph, Marwān II, was defeated in the Battle
of Great Zab by the followers of the Abbāsid family.
The Abbāsids, descendants of an uncle of Muḥammad, owed the success
of their revolt in large part to their appeal to various pietistic,
extremist, or merely disgruntled groups and in particular to the aid
of the Shīites, a major dissident party that held that the Caliphate
belonged by right to the descendants of Alī. That the Abbāsids
disappointed the expectations of the Shīites by taking the Caliphate
for themselves left the Shīites to evolve into a sect, permanently
hostile to the orthodox Sunnite majority, that would periodically
threaten the established government by revolt. The first Abbāsid
caliph, as-Saffāḥ (749–754), ordered the elimination of the entire
Umayyad clan; the only Umayyad of note who escaped was Abd ar-Raḥman,
who made his way to Spain and established an Umayyad dynasty that
lasted until 1031.
The period 786–861, and especially the caliphates of Hārūn (786–809)
and al-Mamūn (813–833), is accounted the height of Abbāsid rule. (See
the Map.) The eastward orientation of the dynasty was demonstrated by
al-Manṣūr’s removal of the capital to Baghdad in 762–763 and by the
later caliphs’ policy of marrying non-Arabs and recruiting Turks,
Slavs, and other non-Arabs as palace guards. Under al-Mamūn, the
intellectual and artistic heritage of Iran (Persia) was cultivated,
and Persian administrators assumed important posts in the Caliphate’s
administration. After 861, anarchy and rebellion shook the empire.
Tunisia and eastern Iran came under the control of hereditary
governors who made token acknowledgment of Baghdad’s suzerainty.
Other provinces became less reliable sources of revenue. Shīite and
similar groups, including the Qarmaṭians in Syria and the Fāṭimids in
North Africa, challenged Abbāsid rule on religious as well as
Abbāsid power ended in 945, when the Būyids, a family of rough
tribesmen from northwestern Iran, took Baghdad under their rule. They
retained the Abbāsid caliphs as figureheads. The Sāmānid dynasty that
arose in Khorāsān and Transoxania and the Ghaznavids in Central Asia
and the Ganges River basin similarly acknowledged the Abbāsid caliphs
as spiritual leaders of Sunnī Islām. On the other hand, the Fāṭimids
proclaimed a new caliphate in 920 in their capital of al-Mahdīyah in
Tunisia and castigated the Abbāsids as usurpers; the Umayyad ruler in
Spain, Abd ar-Raḥmān III, adopted the title of caliph in 928 in
opposition to both the Abbāsids and the Fāṭimids. Nominal Abbāsid
authority was restored to Egypt by Saladin in 1171. By that time, the
Abbāsids had begun to regain some semblance of their former power, as
the Seljuq dynasty of sultans in Baghdad, which had replaced the
Būyids in 1055, itself began to decay. The caliph an-Nāṣir (1180–
1225) achieved a certain success in dealing diplomatically with
various threats from the East, but al-Mustaṣim (1242–58) had no such
success and was murdered in the Mongol sack of Baghdad that ended the
Abbāsid line in that city. A scion of the family was invited a few
years later to establish a puppet caliphate in Cairo that lasted
until 1517, but it exercised no power whatever.
Āishah (wife of Muḥammad)
The third and most favoured wife of the Prophet Muḥammad (the founder
of Islām), who played a role of some political importance after the
Abd al-Malik (Umayyad caliph)
Fifth caliph (685–705) of the Umayyad Arab dynasty centred in
Abū al-Abbās as-Saffāḥ (Abbāsid caliph)
Islāmic caliph (reigned 749–754), first of the Abbāsid dynasty, which
was to rule over eastern Islām for approximately the next 500 years.
Abū Bakr (Muslim caliph)
Muhammad ’s closest companion and adviser, who succeeded to the
Prophet’s political and administrative functions, thereby initiating
the office of the caliphate.
al-Amīn (Abbāsid caliph)
Sixth caliph of the Abbāsid dynasty.
al-Balādhurī (Arab historian)
Arabic historian best known for his history of the formation of the
Arab Muslim empire.
al-Hādī (Abbāsid caliph)
Fourth caliph of the Abbāsid dynasty (reigned 785–786).
al-Mamūn (Abbāsid caliph)
Seventh Abbāsid caliph (813–833), known for his attempts to end
sectarian rivalry in Islām and to impose upon his subjects a
rationalist Muslim creed.
al-Manṣūr (Abbāsid caliph)
The second caliph of the Abbāsid dynasty (754–775), generally
regarded as the real founder of the Abbāsid caliphate.
al-Mutaḍid (Abbāsid caliph [died 902])
One of the greatest of the Abbāsid caliphs (reigned 892–902), known
especially for his ruthless skill in dealing with competing
provincial dynasties, sects, and factions.
al-Mutaṣim (Abbāsid caliph)
Eighth Abbāsid caliph, a younger son of Hārūn ar-Rashīd.
al-Muhallab ibn Abī Ṣufrā (Arabian general)
Arab general in the service of the Umayyad caliphate and an important
participant in the political developments of his time.
al-Muktafī (Abbāsid caliph)
Abbāsid caliph (reigned 902–908) who prosecuted wars on several
fronts vigorously in a period of disintegration of the Islamic empire.
al-Muqtafī (Abbāsid caliph)
Abbāsid caliph during the later years of Seljuq influence in Iraq.
al-Mustaṣim (Abbāsid caliph)
The last Abbāsid caliph in Baghdad (reigned 1242–58).
al-Mutawakkil (Abbāsid caliph)
Abbāsid caliph who, as a young man, held no political or military
positions of importance but took a keen interest in religious debates
that had far-reaching political importance.
al-Nāṣir (Abbāsid caliph)
34th Abbāsid caliph (reigned 1180–1225), the last powerful Abbāsid
caliph before the destruction of the dynasty by the Mongols.
al-Walīd (Umayyad caliph)
Sixth caliph (reigned 705–715) of the Umayyad Arab dynasty, who is
best known for the mosques constructed during his reign.
al-Walīd ibn Yazīd (Umayyad caliph) Caliph (reigned 743–744) of the
Alī (Muslim caliph)
Cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, and fourth
of the “rightly guided” (rāshidūn) caliphs, as the first four
successors of Muhammad are called. Amr ibn al-Āṣ (Arab general)
The Arab conqueror of Egypt.
Hārūn al-Rashīd (Abbāsid caliph)
Fifth caliph of the Abbāsid dynasty (786–809), who ruled Islam at the
zenith of its empire with a luxury in Baghdad memorialized in The
Thousand and One Nights (The Arabian Nights Entertainment).
Hishām ibn Abd al-Malik (Umayyad caliph)The tenth caliph, who reigned
during the final period of prosperity and glory of the Umayyads.
Ibn al-Ashath (Arab general)
Umayyad general who became celebrated as leader of a revolt (ad 699–
701) against the governor of Iraq, al- Ḥajjāj.Ibn Muqlah (Islamic
One of the foremost calligraphers of the Abbāsid Age (750–1258),
reputed inventor of the first cursive style of Arabic lettering, the
naskhī script, which replaced the angular Kūfic as the standard...
Khālid ibn al-Walīd (Arab Muslim general)
One of the two generals (with Amr ibn al-Āṣ) of the enormously
successful Islamic expansion under the Prophet Muhammad and his
immediate successors, Abū Bakr and Umar.
Marwān I ibn al-Hakam (Umayyad caliph)
First of the Marwānid caliphs of the Umayyad dynasty (reigned 684–
Marwān II (Umayyad caliph)
Last of the Umayyad caliphs (reigned 744–750).
Muāwiyah I (Umayyad caliph)
Early Islamic leader and founder of the great Umayyad dynasty of
Qutaybah ibn Muslim (Arab general)
Arab general under the caliphs Abd al-Malik and Abd al-Walīd I whose
conquests in Afghanistan and Central Asia helped bring the Umayyad
caliphate to the height of its power.
Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād (Muslim general)
General who led the Muslim conquest of Spain.
Umar I (Muslim caliph)
The second Muslim caliph (from 634), under whom Arab armies conquered
Mesopotamia and Syria and began the conquest of Iran and Egypt.
Umar II (Umayyad caliph)
Pious and respected caliph who attempted to preserve the integrity of
the Muslim Umayyad caliphate (661–750) by emphasizing religion and a
return to the original principles of the Islamic faith.
Uthmān ibn Affān (Muslim caliph)
Third caliph to rule after the death of the Prophet.
Yazīd I (Umayyad caliph)
Second Umayyad caliph (680–683), particularly noted for his
suppression of a rebellion led by Ḥusayn, the son of Alī.