Israel jittery after Brotherhood victory in Egypt (AP) Associated Press) By JOSEF FEDERMAN and IBRAHIM BARZAK JERUSALEM, ISRAEL 06/24/12 4:23 pm ET)
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JERUSALEM – The Muslim Brotherhood victory in Egyptian presidential
elections, announced Sunday, has raised fears in Israel that its
strategic 1979 peace agreement with its southern neighbor could be in
In contrast, in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, ecstatic residents
flocked into the streets, fired guns in the air and handed out candy
Israel´s peace agreement with Egypt, its first with an Arab country,
is a cornerstone of Israeli security. The agreement ended decades of
hostilities, with to five wars and thousands of deaths.
While relations have never been warm, Egypt has upheld the deal,
keeping its bordering Sinai peninsula largely demilitarized, allowing
the Israeli military to focus on other hostile borders with the
Palestinians, Syria and Lebanon.
In a statement, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he
respected the results of Egypt´s democratic process and hoped the
peace agreement would remain intact.
"Israel expects to continue cooperation with the Egyptian government
on the basis of the peace agreement between the two countries, which
is of interest to the two peoples and contributes to regional
stability," he said.
With the Egyptian military still the ultimate power in Egypt, senior
Israeli defense officials who maintain contacts with Egypt said
Sunday that they do not expect any immediate changes in relations.
Over the long term, they warned, the Brotherhood may seek to cancel
the peace agreement. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity
because they were discussing a sensitive security assessment.
The Muslim Brotherhood, founded in Egypt in 1928, is a pan-Arabic
movement that favors creation of a Muslim state that encompasses the
entire Middle East. It has never given up that goal, but as it gains
official power in Egypt, winning parliamentary elections and now the
presidency, it has indicated pragmatic willingness to accept the
existence of Israel.
Addressing his nation Sunday evening, Morsi declared he had
a "message of peace. We will respect all international agreements,"
he said, without mentioning Israel.
Although some Brotherhood leaders have said they will never meet with
an Israeli official, they have been careful to say they would not
cancel the treaty. Like many other Egyptians, they favor amendments —
primarily to allow more Egyptian troops into the Sinai. Israel has
already permitted an increase of troops there, demanding that Egypt
bring violent extremists under control.
Armed gangs are believed to control wide swaths of territory,
smugglers have helped thousands of African migrant workers sneak into
Israel and various Arab militant groups, some believed to have ties
to al-Qaida, operate freely.
Eli Shaked, a former Israeli ambassador to Egypt, said the Egyptians
would "have a lot to lose" if they canceled the peace, including
Western investment and billions of dollars in U.S. aid. Even so, he
warned, the treaty was not safe.
In the Gaza Strip, tens of thousands of joyous Palestinians took to
the streets across the territory after the result was announced.
Gunmen fired automatic weapons in the air, and mosque loudspeakers
reverberated with prayers. Some revelers handed out candy on street
The celebrations were marred when one person was killed and six
others wounded by celebratory gunfire.
Hamas is an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood. The Brotherhood´s
ascent to power in Egypt has raised hopes that Gaza´s relations with
its powerful southern neighbor will improve.
"Today is new era for us in Gaza. The days of suffering due to the
Egyptian authorities are over, said Rawhi Talab, 51, a food store
Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar told a rally in downtown Gaza that "the
heart of Jerusalem has started to beat again," adding, "We are not
asking Egypt to fight on our behalf." Hamas does not recognize
Mubarak collaborated with Israel in a blockade of Gaza. The blockade,
first imposed after Hamas-linked gunmen captured an Israeli soldier
in 2006, was tightened the following year when Hamas violently seized
power in the seaside strip.
Israel said the blockade was needed to prevent arms shipments to
Hamas. Under heavy international pressure, Israel lifted some limits
two years ago and Egypt eased travel restrictions after Mubarak´s
Morsi has not yet said what plans he has for dealing with Gaza, which
shares a 15-kilometer (nine-mile) border with Egypt, which ruled Gaza
from 1948 to 1967.
Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh phoned Morsi to congratulate him
on becoming Egypt´s first Islamist president. "This is a victory for
all Arabs and Muslims, and this is God´s promise to his believers,"
the Hamas leader said.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, a secular leader who governs in
the West Bank, also congratulated Morsi. "The president expressed his
respect for the choice of the great Egyptian people," according to a
statement from the official Wafa news agency.
The leaders of Kuwait and Bahrain sent cables to Morsi congratulating
him, according to statements carried by their official news agencies.
___ Barzak reported from Gaza City, Gaza Strip. Ian Deitch and Blake
Sobczak in Jerusalem, Mark Lavie in Cairo, Mohammed Daraghmeh in
Ramallah, West Bank, and Adam Schreck in Dubai, United Arab Emirates,
contributed to this report. (© 2012 The Associated Press 06/24/12)
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