Bar-Kochba Era Treasure Hoard Discovered (INN) ISRAEL NATIONAL NEWS) By Gil Ronen 06/05/12)
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Archaeologists have discovered a treasure trove comprising about 140
gold and silver coins along with gold jewelry, probably hidden by a
wealthy lady at a time of impending danger during the Bar Kokhba
Revolt some 1880 years ago.
The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) presented the sumptuous find
Tuesday and said it was recently exposed in a salvage excavation in
the vicinity of Kiryat Gat, in southern Israel.
The rooms of a building dating to the Roman and Byzantine period were
exposed during the course of the excavation. Archeologists discerned
that a pit had been dug in the earth of the ancient building’s
courtyard and then refilled. To the archaeologists´ delightful
surprise, a spectacular treasure trove of exquisite quality was
discovered in the pit. It had been wrapped in a cloth fabric that had
According to archaeologist Emil Aladjem, who directed the excavation
on behalf of the IAA, “The magnificent hoard includes gold jewelry,
among them an earring crafted by a jeweler in the shape of a flower
and a ring with a precious stone on which there is a seal of a winged-
goddess, two sticks of silver that were probably kohl sticks, as well
as some 140 gold and silver coins."
"The coins that were discovered date to the reigns of the Roman
emperors Nero, Nerva and Trajan, who ruled the Roman Empire from 54-
117 CE. The coins are adorned with the images of the emperors and on
their reverse are cultic portrayals of the emperor, symbols of the
brotherhood of warriors and mythological gods such as Jupiter seated
on a throne or Jupiter grasping a lightning bolt in his hand."
Sa´ar Ganor, District Archaeologist of Ashkelon and the Western Negev
for the IAA, added that “the composition of the numismatic artifacts
and their quality are consistent with treasure troves that were
previously attributed to the time of the Bar Kokhba Revolt. During
the uprising, between 132-135 CE, the Jews under Roman rule would re-
strike coins of the emperor Trajan with symbols of the revolt."
"This hoard includes silver and gold coins of different
denominations, most of which date to the reign of the emperor Trajan.
This is probably an emergency cache that was concealed at the time of
impending danger by a wealthy woman who wrapped her jewelry and money
in a cloth and hid them deep in the ground prior to or during the Bar
Kokhba Revolt. It is now clear that the owner of the hoard never
returned to claim it."
The treasure trove was removed from the field and transferred for
treatment to the laboratories of the Artifacts Treatment Department
of the IAA in Jerusalem.
The excavation was funded by Y. S. Gat Ltd., the Economic Development
Corporation for the Management of the Kiryat Gat Industrial Park.
Photos by Clara Amit and Sharon Gal, courtesy IAA.
(IsraelNationalNews © 2012 06/05/12)
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