Egyptian-Jews seek rehearing in Coca-Cola case (JERUSALEM POST) By JOANNA PARASZCZUK 05/04/12)
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Raphael Bigio, an Egyptian-Jewish businessman who alleges Coca-Cola
Egypt are refusing to compensate him for use of his family´s
expropriated property in Cairo, filed a petition in a US appeals
court on Wednesday, asking judges to restore his family´s lawsuit
against the Coca-Cola company.
In his petition to the US Second Circuit Court of Appeals, lawyers
for Bigio charge that Coca-Cola Egypt is making use of property
belonging to his family in Cairo´s Heliopolis suburb, expropriated
during the early 1960s in an anti-Jewish purge by Egyptian President
Gamel Abdel Nasser´s regime.
Bigio´s lawyers say that for the past 15 years, the Coca-Cola Company
has refused to negotiate with the family for fair compensation for
the property, although the global soft drinks giant has allegedly
made hundreds of millions of dollars in profit from Coca-Cola Egypt.
In the 1930s, decades prior to the property´s expropriation, the
Bigio family had leased it to Coca-Cola, who were "fully aware that
the property had been stolen from the family without compensation,"
the family´s lawyers said. Wednesday´s appeal filing comes after the
US Second Circuit Court dismissed Bigio´s case against Coca-Cola in
March, on the grounds that the Bigios had "not sufficiently alleged
that the Coca-Cola Company headquarters in the US controlled Coca-
Cola Egypt." Despite that ruling, however, judges did acknowledge
that the Bigios´ lawyers had established that the el-Nasr Bottling
Company (ENBC), the Egyptian government-owned firm that Coca-Cola
purchased in 1994 and renamed Coca-Cola Egypt, had in fact trespassed
on the Bigio family´s property.
In their petition, the Bigio family´s legal team argue that the
judges dismissed the claim before Coca-Cola even answered the
complaint, and before the plaintiffs were given opportunity for
discovery, the pre-trial phase where parties can obtain evidence from
each other including by requests for production of documents.
The Bigios´ lawyers added that Coca-Cola has "stonewalled" the family
since 1994, when the family first expressed its objections to the
company´s purchase of ENBC.
"Since 1997 [Coca-Cola] have also successfully blocked the family´s
litigation from advancing beyond its initial stage," the Bigios´
The Bigio family are among many Egyptian Jews whose land and property
was expropriated and nationalized by the Egyptian authorities under
Nasser´s ´Arab socialist´ regime. In November 1961, the Beirut
newspaper al-Hayat printed the text of a Nasser decree, which
stated "all Jews included in the list of sequestrations are deprived
of their civic rights and cannot serve as guardians, caretakers or
proxies in any business association or club." After the Nasser regime
expropriated the Bigios´ land, the family fled Egypt and the UN
classified them as refugees. They made their way to France, where
they were granted asylum.
Washington, D.C. based lawyers Nathan Lewin and Alyza D. Lewin,
members of the Bigio family´s defense team, said Wednesday that in
the past, Coca-Cola have claimed that Nasser´s nationalization of
Jewish property was legal and did not violate international law. Coca-
Cola has also contended that the Egyptian government holds the
Bigios´ property "as of right."
However, the Bigios´ attorneys have argued that Nasser´s anti-Jewish
purge was a clear violation of international law, and that Coca-Cola,
which had conducted business with the Bigios before the purge, was
aware that the property had been expropriated from the family.
The lawyers said that detailed facts about Coca-Cola´s internal
operations concerning their purchase of ENBC could only be proved by
evidence exclusively in the company´s files.
“The full roster of Second Circuit Judges will surely see that the
panel’s clearly erroneous decision is grossly unjust and rewards Coca-
Cola for litigation tactics that conceal the role that its highest
corporate officers played in exploiting property confiscated from its
owners only because they are Jewish,” attorney Nathan Lewin said.
Meanwhile, despite over a decade and a half of litigation against
Coca-Cola, the Bigio family expressed optimism on Wednesday.
“Our family has always considered the USA as an example of
righteousness in this world. Our story is one of flagrant abuse,
first by an anti- Jewish government, then by a greedy corporate
Goliath," Raphael Bigio said. "We hope and pray that our case will
demonstrate that regardless of who you are, you will be judged in
accordance with your deeds and not by what you pretend to be. We have
faith that justice can and will ultimately be found in the USA." (©
1995-2011, The Jerusalem Post 05/04/12)
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