Egypt´s presidential race: An unexpected lineup (AP) Associated Press) By HAMZA HENDAWI and SARAH EL DEEB CAIRO, EGYPT 04/09/12 4:02 pm ET)
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CAIRO – The race for Egypt´s first president after ousted autocrat
Hosni Mubarak was not supposed to look like this.
A year ago, anyone from the old regime seemed too tainted to ever
hope for power. Though rising to political prominence, the Muslim
Brotherhood promised it wouldn´t run for the presidency, wary of
seeming too dominant.
Now, the two main contenders to rule Egypt are the Brotherhood´s top
strongman and the most feared and powerful figure of Hosni Mubarak´s
inner circle — marking how far the nation has changed from the heady
days of revolution in the name of liberal democracy.
In many ways, the two likely main front-runners in the May 23-24
election are mirror images of each other. Both the Brotherhood´s
Khairat el-Shater and Mubarak´s longtime intelligence master Omar
Suleiman have long been shadowy figures who ran their organizations
from behind the scenes. A retired army general, Suleiman ran Egypt´s
primary national security agency in Mubarak´s authoritarian regime,
while el-Shater managed indoctrination, discipline and finance for
the secretive Brotherhood.
The revolutionary groups that orchestrated last year´s 18 days of
protests leading to the end of Mubarak´s 29-year rule dread both,
fearing either one would lead to a similar dictatorial rule.
"Two makers of the repression machine are competing," wrote Ahmed el-
Sawy, a columnist in the Al-Shorouk daily.
"The general (Suleiman) is trying to bring back the Mubarak regime as
it was," he wrote. "The religious businessman (el-Shater) is trying
to reproduce a regime in the Mubarak spirit, with its same biases,
international pledges and calculations, but in different cloaks,
wearing religious garbs."
Divided and demoralized, the revolutionaries who called for radical
reform lost the most in the turmoil that has roiled Egypt since
Mubarak´s Feb. 11, 2011 ouster. Many Egyptians blame them for the
unrest that ensued, including increased crime, an unraveling economy
and disruptions from continued protests and strikes. The military
generals who took power after Mubarak have repressed and sidelined
the groups, depicting them as troublemakers while failing to conduct
any reforms or take action to restore security or the economy.
"The presidential election is shaping up like we are going back to
square one," said Abdel-Rahman Ayyash, a 22-year-old former
Brotherhood member. "But I don´t believe people are ready to go back
The emergence of Suleiman and el-Shater as candidates is the end
result of months of jostling between the two main post-Mubarak
powers, the military and the Brotherhood.
El-Shater´s candidacy speaks to the change of fortunes for a group
that lurked in the nation´s political background since it was
outlawed in 1954, emerging in post-Mubarak Egypt as the single most
powerful political force.
Ironically, it was Suleiman who initiated the process of bringing the
Brotherhood in from nearly six decades in the political wilderness.
After the Jan. 25 uprising began, Mubarak appointed Suleiman as his
vice president, and Suleiman invited representatives of the then-
outlawed group to a dialogue as part of a last-gasp attempt to end
With Mubarak´s fall, Suleiman faded out of public sight. He seemed
too tainted by his regime connections to ever hope for public office,
though it is believed he retained much of his influence. El-Shater,
who spent 12 of the past 20 years in detention under Mubarak´s anti-
Brotherhood crackdowns, was freed from his latest stint in prison.
The Brotherhood then abandoned liberal pro-democracy groups, which
after Mubarak´s ouster began to call on the ruling generals to step
down as well. The Brotherhood sided with the military to ensure
parliamentary elections it was likely to win. Indeed, the group went
on to win nearly half the legislature and a firm foundation for
But when the Brotherhood announced it would run el-Shater in the
presidential race, Suleiman stepped forward, apparently counting on
winning the vote of those fearing Islamist rule. It is believed he
has military backing for his candidacy.
In comments to the media Monday, each man sought to cast themselves
as the saviors of a revolution that is unraveling.
El-Shater called Suleiman´s run "an offense to the revolution."
He took on the mantle of the uprising´s calls for reform. "I don´t
want to pit (Egyptians) against one another as if we are in a war or
conflict with one another," he told reporters. "We are all living in
the country — the Brotherhood, the political parties and the army and
police. All these parties must have a specific role in building
Egypt´s renaissance. I say no to the culture of antagonism."
Suleiman, in a newspaper interview, sought to distance himself from
the Mubarak regime, casting himself as a champion of the revolution
he tried so hard to undermine as vice president.
"The clock cannot be turned back and the revolution laid down a new
reality that cannot be ignored," Suleiman said. "And no one, no
matter who he is, will be able to reinvent a regime that fell, folded
and was rejected and revolted against."
At 75, Suleiman, dubbed by the media as "Mubarak´s black box" because
of his reputation as the regime´s holder of secrets, has a great deal
in common with Mubarak. Both men are sworn enemies of Islamists at
home and in the region, are friends of the United States and Israel
and proponents of military action against facilities of Iran´s
disputed nuclear program. As a career army officer, Suleiman served
alongside many of the nearly two dozen generals who sit on the now
ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
Pro-democracy activists frustrated by his presidential run are
flooding social networks with images of Suleiman with leaders of
Israel, which most Egyptians still see as the top enemy despite the
1979 peace treaty.
U.S. diplomatic cables leaked by Wikileaks as well as declassified
CIA files have identified Suleiman as the point man in U.S.-Egyptian
cooperation on counterterrorism. He is believed to have played a
direct role in the U.S. rendition program, in which suspected
terrorists were sent to Egypt and other countries for interrogation,
sometimes involving torture.
"As the head of the intelligence, Omar Suleiman has never been
investigated for either ordering or failing to prevent Egypt´s
involvement in renditions," said Heba Morayef, a Cairo-based Human
Rights Watch researcher.
Activists fear he could bring a new crackdown.
"If he wins and starts slaughtering the opposition and
revolutionaries, the response will be very different. The revolution
has adopted a peaceful path so far," said Ahmed Maher, a founding
member of the April 6 movement, in a thinly concealed threat of a
The race could still see some surprises. There remains talk that el-
Shater could be disqualified from running because of his past
convictions, despite the pardon that followed his release from
Worries over both el-Shater and Suleiman could push voters toward one
of the more middle-ground candidates in the race, such as former
foreign minister Amr Moussa or Abdel-Moneim Abolfotoh, a moderate
Islamist who was thrown out of the Brotherhood. Their presence could
also make it likely that a runoff, scheduled for June 16-17, will be
held if no single candidate gets at least half the vote in the
initial round. (© 2012 The Associated Press 04/09/12)
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