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Anti-Semitism on the rise in France, new ADL survey shows (TIMES OF ISRAEL) By GABE FISHER 03/21/12)Source: http://www.timesofisrael.com/study-reveals-rising-anti-semitism-in-europe/ TIMES OF ISRAEL TIMES OF ISRAEL Articles-Index-TopPublishers-Index-Top
nti-Semitism in Europe is at “disturbingly high levels” according to an ADL report released on Wednesday, with an average of nearly one third of those surveyed across 10 countries holding “pernicious anti- Semitic beliefs.”

The study found large swaths of the population subscribing to classical anti-Semitic notions such as Jews having too much power in business, being more loyal to Israel than their own country, or “talking too much” about what happened during the Holocaust, the ADL said.

In France, where a shooting at a Jewish school in Toulouse Monday claimed the lives of three small children and a teacher, the overall level of anti-Semitism increased to 24 percent of the population, up from 20 percent in a previous ADL poll conducted in 2009. In France, 45 percent of respondents attributed the violence against European Jews to anti-Jewish rather than anti-Israel sentiment, an increase from 39 percent in 2009.

Other findings for France include: 45 percent of the population responded “probably true” to the statement “Jews are more loyal to Israel than to this country”; 35 percent agreed that “Jews have too much power in the business world”; and 24 percent believe that “Jews still talk too much about what happened to them during the Holocaust.”

Hungary, Spain and Poland ranked the highest for those holding anti- Semitic attitudes. The poll showed 73% of Hungarians, 60% of Spaniards and 54% of Poles believed that it was ”probably true” that “Jews have too much power in the business world.”

Responding to the statement that it was “probably true” that “Jews are more loyal to Israel than to this country,” responses ranged as high as Spain’s 72% in agreement.

The survey also compared results to the similar 2009 survey, and found that while in most countries citizens’ anti-Semitic attitudes have increased slightly, in Hungary they have jumped sharply (from 47% to 63%). The United Kingdom also saw a rise (from 10% to 17%), while in Austria anti-Semitic attitudes decreased from 30 to 28%.

The “Attitudes Toward Jews in Ten European Countries” survey polled 5,000 adults, evenly divided between Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom, over the period of January 2-31, 2012.

“The survey is disturbing by the fact that anti-Semitism remains at high levels across the continent and infects many Europeans at a much higher level than we see here in the United States,” said Abraham H. Foxman, ADL National Director. “In Hungary, Spain and Poland the numbers for anti-Semitic attitudes are literally off-the-charts and demand a serious response from political, civic and religious leaders.”

When asked for their opinion about anti-Semitic violence directed against Jews, and whether that violence is the result of anti-Jewish feelings as opposed to anti-Israel sentiment, overall, 39 percent of Europeans responded that it was the result of anti-Jewish sentiments.

“In France, you have a volatile mix,” Mr. Foxman said. “France has seen an increase in the level of anti-Semitism. At the same time, more people today believe that violence directed against European Jews is fueled by anti-Jewish attitudes as opposed to anti-Israel sentiment. “Those increases are all the more disturbing in light of the shooting attack at the Jewish school in Toulouse.”

The overall findings among the countries for which comparison data is available:
• Austria experienced a slight decrease, to 28 percent from 30 percent in 2009.
• France: The overall level of anti-Semitism increased to 24 percent of the population, up from to 20 percent in 2009.
• Germany: Anti-Semitism increased by one percentage point, to 21 percent of the population.
• Hungary: The level rose to 63 percent of the population, compared with 47 percent in 2009.
• Poland: The number remained unchanged, with 48 percent of the population showing deep-seated anti-Semitic attitudes.
• Spain: 53 percent of the population, compared to 48 percent in 2009.
• United Kingdom: Anti-Semitic attitudes jumped to 17 percent of the population, compared to 10 percent in 2009.

Country by country findings on anti-Semitic attitudes In responding “probably true” to the statement “Jews are more loyal to Israel” than their own country, the 2012 survey found:

Austria – 47%, unchanged from 2009
France – 45%, up from 38% in 2009
Germany – 52%, down from 53% in 2009
Hungary – 55%, up from 40% in 2009
Italy – 61% in 2012
Netherlands – 47% in 2012
Norway – 58% in 2012
Poland – 61%, down from 63% in 2009
Spain – 72%, up from 64% in 2009
The United Kingdom – 48%, up from 37% in 2009

In responding “probably true” to the statement “Jews have too much power in the business world,” the 2012 survey found:

Austria – 30%, down from 36% in 2009 France – 35%, up from 33% in 2009 Germany – 22%, up from 21% in 2009 Hungary – 73%, up from 67% in 2009 Italy – 39% in 2012 The Netherlands – 10% in 2012 Norway – 21% in 2012 Poland – 54%, down from 55% in 2009 Spain – 60%, up from 56% in 2009 The United Kingdom – 20%, up from 15% in 2009

In responding “probably true” to the statement “Jews have too much power in international financial markets,” the 2012 survey found:

Austria – 38%, up from 37% in 2009
France – 29%, up from 27% in 2009
Germany – 24%, up from 22% in 2009
Hungary – 75%, up from 59% in 2009
Italy – 43% in 2012
The Netherlands – 17% in 2012
Norway — 23% in 2012
Poland – 54%, unchanged from 2009
Spain – 67%, down from 74% in 2009
The United Kingdom – 22%, up from 15% in 2009

In responding “probably true” to the statement “Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust,” the 2012 survey found:

Austria – 45%, down from 55% in 2009
France – 35%, up from 33% in 2009
Germany – 43%, down from 45% in 2009
Hungary – 63%, up from 56% in 2009
Italy – 48% in 2012
The Netherlands – 31% in 2012
Norway – 25% in 2012
Poland – 53%, down from 55% in 2009
Spain – 47%, up from 42% in 2009
The United Kingdom – 24%, up from 20% in 2009

ADL commissioned First International Resources to conduct the survey. Fielded in Europe by Ipsos-Reid Public Affairs, it was conducted in the national language of each country. The margin of error is +/- 4.43 to +/- 4.85, depending on the specific country, at 95% level of confidence. (© 2012 THE TIMES OF ISRAEL 03/21/12)


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