4 Killed at Jewish School in Southwestern France (NY) TIMES) By SCOTT SAYARE and STEVEN ERLANGER TOULOUSE, France 03/20/12)
NEW YORK TIMES
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TOULOUSE, France — The French authorities were searching on Monday
for a man suspected in a string of methodical killings that have
terrorized this city and the surrounding area in southwestern France,
after an attack outside a Jewish school on Monday morning that killed
four people, including three young children.
It was the third murderous attack on unarmed people in the region in
little over a week, and the most deadly attack against Jews in France
since a 1982 assault on a Paris kosher restaurant. The police said
that the same gun, a .45-caliber automatic pistol, was used in all
three shootings, the one Monday and two earlier attacks on French
paratroopers, and that the modus operandi was the same — a man on a
powerful motorbike, also the same in each instance, who shot and then
The local prosecutor, Michel Valet, said that a religious instructor,
his two children and another child, the daughter of the school’s
director, were killed in Monday’s attack and that a 17-year-old boy
was seriously wounded. The killer “shot at everything he could see,
children and adults, and some children were chased into the school,”
Mr. Valet said.
The suspect pursued his last victim, an 8-year-old girl, into the
concrete courtyard, seizing and stopping her by her hair, said Nicole
Yardeni, who leads the regional branch of the Crif, France’s most
prominent Jewish association, and who viewed video surveillance
footage of the killing.
His gun appeared to jam at that point, Ms. Yardeni said. Still
holding the girl, the killer then changed weapons, from what police
have identified as a 9 millimeter pistol to the .45-caliber. He shot
her in the head and left, never removing his motorcycle helmet.
“It is unbearable that someone be able to dehumanize children to this
point,” Ms. Yardeni said, choking back tears.
Antiterrorism magistrates arrived from Paris to take charge of the
investigation into all three shootings on Monday, officials said,
working under the belief that a single suspect carried out the
On Monday, the killer arrived and fled on a motorbike, following the
same approach used in the two previous attacks. In those shootings, a
man wearing a motorcycle helmet killed three French paratroopers and
critically wounded another. The soldiers were all Arab or black, and
appeared to have been targeted specifically, witnesses said.
“We know that it is the same person, the same arm that killed the
soldiers, the children and a teacher,” the French president, Nicolas
Sarkozy, said Monday night.
“We are faced with an individual who targets his victims
specifically,” said Élisabeth Allannic, a spokeswoman for the Paris
prosecutor’s office, which is handling the investigation. “He targets
his victims for what they represent.” The interior minister, Claude
Géant, said it was worrying that the gunman seemed to act with
impunity and coldness, and that he clearly had a sophisticated
knowledge of weapons.
Immediately after the shooting Monday morning, leading politicians
and Jewish community leaders descended on the school, Ozar Hatorah, a
low-slung brick and stucco complex in a quiet warren of residential
streets known as La Roseraie, or the Rose Garden, just outside
downtown Toulouse. A tall, white corrugated metal wall fences the
school off from the street; six bullet holes, numbered by the police,
were visible in the wall.
Officials identified the victims as Rabbi Jonathan Sandler, 30, a
religious instructor at the school; his two sons, Arye, 6, and
Gabriel, 3; and Miriam Monsonego, 8, who is the daughter of the
school principal, Yaacov Monsonego.
Rabbi Sandler came to Toulouse from Jerusalem with his family in July
to teach at the school, a friend said. The Israeli Foreign Ministry
said that the rabbi was a French citizen but that his wife was
Israeli and that their children had dual nationality. Israel
announced that in accordance with the wishes of the families, the
victims would be flown to Israel on Tuesday for burial.
Another student, 17, a boy, was said to be wounded and in critical
condition at a local hospital.
“The community is in shock,” said Arié Bensemhoun, a Jewish leader in
Toulouse. About 20,000 Jews live in Toulouse, Mr. Bensemhoun said, a
tight-knit network confronted with what he characterized as regular
anti-Semitic violence and vandalism in recent years in this area of
southwest France, where there are also many Muslim immigrants.
Security cameras were installed at Ozar Hatorah about 10 years ago,
after a string of anti-Semitic incidents, apparently linked to the
second Palestinian intifada, recalled Alain Assraf, 53, whose
children were students there at the time.
About 550,000 Jews are estimated to live in France, the largest
Jewish population in Europe.
There has been no claim of responsibility for any of the murders,
though there has been some speculation that the killings might be
tied to the court-martial several years ago of a group neo-Nazi
soldiers who had been members of the 17th Parachute Transport
Regiment. Three of the four soldiers attacked in recent days were
members of that unit.
The shooting on Monday was the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in
France since 1982, when the Chez Jo Goldenberg restaurant in Paris
was bombed at lunchtime, killing 6 people and wounding 22. In 1980, a
terrorist group attacked a Jewish synagogue on the Rue Copernic in
Paris, killing 4 people and wounding about 40.
The French authorities ordered heightened security and surveillance
for all religious schools after the shooting. Mr. Sarkozy and his
main rival for the presidency, François Hollande, both broke off
their political campaigns to rush to the scene. Mr. Sarkozy called
the shooting a “national tragedy” and ordered a minute’s silence to
be observed across France on Tuesday at 11 a.m.
Later, Mr. Sarkozy said he had sent gendarmes and riot police
officers to guard all Jewish and Muslim schools and places of worship
in the region until the killer is stopped. He raised the national
terrorism alert to its highest level, “scarlet.”
On Monday evening, Mr. Sarkozy and Mr. Hollande joined numerous other
political leaders and public officials at a memorial service at the
Nazareth Synagogue in Paris. The congregation sang psalms, but the
politicians did not speak.
Ozar Hatorah is a Jewish society promoting religious education among
young people, especially in the Middle East, northern Africa and
among the Sephardic Jews in France.
The authorities have been hunting for the gunman since the soldiers
were killed last week, and the military has told soldiers not to wear
uniforms in public.
The wave of killings has stunned and infuriated France, prompting
tense speculation about its cause. Even before the shooting on
Monday, there was discussion about a possible racial or ethnic
component to the attacks. Speculation over the motives for the
killings ranged from anger at Muslims fighting in Afghanistan — the
unit of three of the soldiers has been deployed there — and anti-
Semitism, to a hatred of immigrants.
Leaders from across the globe condemned the killings, including
representatives of the Vatican and the White House. The Israeli
ambassador to France, Yossi Gal, also traveled to Toulouse from Paris
The front page of Tuesday’s Libération, the leftist daily national
newspaper, showed only the names and ages of the seven victims, as
well as the dates they were killed, against a black background.
Le Figaro, the rightist daily newspaper, also devoted its front page
to the killings on Tuesday, with a page-width headline
reading, “France Horrified.”
Scott Sayare reported from Toulouse, and Steven Erlanger from Paris.
Isabel Kershner contributed reporting from Jerusalem, and Alan Cowell
from London. (Copyright 2012 The New York Times Company 03/20/12)
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